OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—BEFORE 1296.
The Early Ages.—Physical and Climatic Changes.—Early Man.—The
Caledonii.—The Picts.—Urchard in Moravia.—The Legendary Origin
of Loch Ness.—The Children of Uisneach.—The Wars of the Picts.—
The End of their Kingdom.—Incursions of the Norse.—Monie, Son of
the King of Scandinavia.—The Conflict of Craigmonie.—The Risings
of the Moraymen.—Conachar in Urquhart.—The Big Dog and the
Wild Boar.—Origin of the Forbeses, Mackays, and Urquharts.—The
Harrying of the Church Lands.—The Pope’s Protection to the
Church of Urquhart.—Gillespic MacScolane’s Deeds and Death.—
Urquhart Granted to Thomas Durward.—Sir Alan Durward.—Dispute
regarding Church Lands.—The Settlement.—Sir Alan’s Death.—The
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1296 to 1362.
Edward I. Invades Scotland.—John of Glen-Urquhart.—Urquhart Castle
taken by the English.—Sir William Fitzwarine Constable.—He is
harassed by Andrew Moray.—A Sabbath Day’s Journey and Fight.
—The Countess of Ross in Urquhart.—Moray Besieges the Castle.—
Death of William Puer and Fitzwarine’s Son.—An Army of Relief.
—The King’s Instructions.—Fitzwarine’s Letter to the King.—Sir
William Wallace.—The English Expelled from Urquhart.—Forbes
Constable.—Fitzwarine in Prison.—His Wife’s Devotion.—Edward’s
Great Invasion.—The English again in Urquhart.—Forbes and his
Garrison put to the Sword.—His Wife’s Escape.—Sir Alexander
Gumming Constable.—Bruce.—Thomas Randolph, Proprietor of
Urquhart and Glenmoriston.—His Highland Followers.—His Regency
and Administration of Justice.—His Murder.—Death of his Son, Thomas
Randolph.—John Randolph.—Sir Robert Lauder holds the Castle
against Baliol.—His Visitors at the Castle.—Sir Robert Chisholm.—
John Randolph slain, and Chisholm made Prisoner.—Chisholm Con
stable of the Castle.—Death of Lauder.—His Character . . .18
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1346 to 1455.
The Barony of Urquhart Reverts to the Crown.—Is Granted to the Earl
of Sutherland.—Acquired by the Earl of Stratherne—Sir Robert
Chisholm.—His Urquhart Possessions go to the Wolf of Badenoch.—
Stratherne Lets the Barony to the Wolf.—The Wolf withholds the
Rent.—A Royal Quarrel.—Appeal to the King.—The Wolf and the
Bishop.—The Burning of Elgin Cathedral.—Thomas Chisholm.—The
Wolf’s Death.—Scramble for His Possessions.—Urquhart Seized by
Donald of the Isles.—Charles Maclean.—Parliament deals with the
Castle.—The Red Harlaw.—The Barony Possessed by the Earl of Mar.
—Claimed by the Duke of Albany.—A Compromise.—The Castle
Repaired by the King.—Death of Mar.—The Lord of the Isles Seizes
the Barony.—Hector Buie Maclean’s Exploits.—The Tragedy of
Caisteal Spioradan.—Ogilvy of Balfour holds the Castle for the King.
—The Castle Taken by John of the Isles.—No Rent.—Parliament
Annexes the Barony and Castle to the Crown . . . . .38
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1455 TO 1509.
The Lordship of Urquhart Granted to the Lord of the Isles for Life.—
He and his Highlanders in England.—His Rebellion and Attainder.—
The Earl of Huntly in charge of the Lordship and Castle.—The Mac-
leans claim Urquhart.—Their Position and Power.—A Thirty Years’
War.—The Lordship Let to the Baron of Kilravock.—Opposition to
him.—Arbitration.—Bonds of Friendship.—Strange League against
the Baron.—He throws up his Lease.—The Parish Waste.—Sir Duncan
Grant to the Rescue.—His connection with the District.—The Con
flict of Foyers.—The Red Bard in Urquhart.—Struggle for the Lord
ship.—Lease to the Bard.—The Bard King’s Chamberlain.—He Trades
with the King.—The Lordship Granted to Himself and his Sons
Absolutelv.—The Reasons for the Grants......59
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1509 to 1535.
The Charters of 1509.—The New Baronies of Urquhart, Corrimony, and
Glenmoriston. — Reservation of Church Lands. — The Proprietors’
Duties and Services to the Crown.—The Castle to be added to and
Strengthened.—The Inhabitants to be Protected.—Waste Lands to
be Reclaimed.—The King’s Highway to be Improved.—Bridges to be
Maintained.—Hemp and Flax to be Cultivated.—Strange Division of
the Parish.—Gradual Re-adjustment of Marches.—Troubles with the
Inhabitants.—Troubles with the Crown.—Compositions for Crimes.
The Last of the Macleans.—Invasion of Sir Donald of Lochalsh.—
A Large Booty.—Prices of the Period.—The Bard’s Proceedings
against Sir Donald.—The Bard’s Treaty with Lochiel.—Death of the
Bard.—Seumas nan Creach.—Barbarous Decree against the Clan
Chattan.—Urquhart Exempted from the Jurisdiction of Local Courts.
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1544 to 1560.
Troubles in the Western Highlands.—Feud between Ranald Gallda and
John of Moidart.—The Lairds of Grant and Glenmoriston assist
Ranald.—Battle of Blar-nanLeine. — Glengarry and Lochiel invade
Glenmoriston and Urquhart.—The Great Raid.—The Spoil and the
Despoiled.—Urquhart Burnt.—Incidents of the Raid.—The Strong
Woman of Richraggan.—The Big Smith of Polmaily.—His Adventures
with the Fairies.—A Wonderful Filly.—The Smith’s Sons Slain.—
Legal Proceedings against Glengarry and Lochiel.—Their Lands
Apprised to the Lairds of Grant and Glenmoriston.—Glenmoriston’s
Death.—His Character and Influence.—Dispute regarding his Suc
cession.—The Ballindalloch Feud.—Death of the Laird of Grant.—
Sad State of the Country.—The Justiciar of Urquhart and Glen
moriston.—A Ghastly Gift to the Queen Regent.—The Reformation.—
The Church’s Patrimony Alienated.— John Mackay acquires Achmonie.
—The other Church Lands fall to the Grants.....
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1566 to 1626.
The Camerons and Clan Ranald plan another Raid.—Mackintosh and
Mackenzie of Kintail ordered to protect the Parish.—League of Loyalty
to Queen Mary.—The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston in Arms
for her.—Their March into the South.—Urquhart Feu-duties applied
toward the Queen’s Maintenance in Lochleven Castle.—Patrick Grant
of Glenmoriston invades Ardclach.—He Marries the Thane of Cawdor’s
Daughter.—The Thane Builds Invermoriston House.—Iain Mor a’
Chaisteil of Glenmoriston.—His Combat with an Englishman.—His
Fir Candles in London.—His Influence and Acquisitions.—Appointed
Chamberlain of Urquhart.—He Murders a Packman.—Criminal Letters
against him.—Feud between the Macdonalds and the Mackenzies.—
The Raid of Kilchrist.—The Conflict of Lon-na-Fala.—Allan of
Lundie’s Leap.—The Murder of the Mason of Mealla’Ghro.—Bonds
of Friendship between the Laird of Grant, and Glengarry, and Allan
of Lundie.—A Big Timber Transaction.—The Laird saves Allan .
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1603 to 1640,
The Proscribed Macgregors seek Shelter in Urquhart and Glenmoriston.
—Their Harbourers Fined.—Their Evil Influence on the Men of
Urquhart.—Doule Shee’s Raid.—Commission of Fire and Sword.—
Housebreaking at Balmacaan.—The Carron and Ballindalloch Feud.
Career of Seumas an Tuim.—His Supporters in Urquhart and Glen
moriston.—The Castle Repaired.—The Clan Chattan in Urquhart.—
Their Friends Prosecuted.—The Earl of Moray Persecutes Grant of
Glenmoriston.—Grant visits the King, and His Majesty Intervenes.—
Death of Glenmoriston and the Laird of Grant.—The Story of the
Covenant.—The Covenant adhered to by the Lairds of Grant and
Glenmoriston.—Opposed by the Parish Minister and Lady Mary
Ogilvy, Liferentrix of Urquhart.—A Short Conflict.—The Minister
Yields.—Attempts to stent Urquhart for the Army of the Covenant.
—Lady Mary’s Concessions.........
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1643 to 1647.
The Solemn League and Covenant.—Montrose and Alasdair Mac Cholla
Chiataich take the side of the King.—The Laird of Grant and the
Tutor of Glenmoriston hold aloof.—Alasdair’s Requisition on the
Tutor.—The Tutor’s Trick.—A Brilliant Campaign.—Battle of Inver-
lochy.—The Laird of Grant sends Men to Montrose.—The Covenanters
invade Glen-Urquhart.—Lady Ogilvy Robbed and driven out of the
Parish.—Her Appeal to her Son.—Undertaking to Support the King.
—Montrose’s Description of the Laird’s Recruits. — Urquhart Men
Killed at the Battle of Auldearn.—Montrose’s Highlanders in Glen-
Urquhart.—Raid upon the Aird.—Lovat calls upon the Chisholm to
drive the Royalists out of the Parish.—Disputes and Notarial Writs,—
Montrose’s Vengeance on the Frasers.—His Skirmish in Glenmoriston.
—His Exile.—Huntly takes the Field for the King. — Middleton
Defeats him in Glenmoriston.—Lady Ogilvy’s Troubles and Death.—
Feud between her Tenants and those of Glenmoriston.—A Fight at a
Funeral.—Death of the Big Miller.—The Condition of the Castle . 150
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1650 to 1668.
Landing of Charles II.—He is supported by the Laird of Grant.—Patrick
of Clunemore at Worcester.—The Fate of his Followers.—Cromwell’s
Soldiers in the North.—Glencairn’s Rising for the King.—Lochiel and
Kenmure in Urquhart.—Middleton supersedes Glencairn.—Middleton
pursued by Monck.—Monck in Glenmoriston and Kintail.—Middleton
Defeated.—Dalziel of Binns and Himself in Glenmoriston and Strath-
glass.—The Chisholm tried by Court-Martial, and Fined and
Imprisoned.—The English place the First Ship on Loch Ness.—The
Story of the Event.—Peace and Prosperity.—The Restoration.—The
Caterans Let Loose.—The Hanging of Hector Maclean.—The Burning
of Buntait.— Dispute between Glenmoriston and Inshes.—Glen-
moriston Burns the Barns of Culcabock.—He seizes Inshes and keeps
him Prisoner.—Is Apprehended by the Robertsons of Struan.—The
Dispute Settled.—Donald Donn and Mary Grant.—Donald’s Career,
Capture, and Death..........166
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1670 to 1690.
The Laird of Grant’s Chamberlain Killed by Mackay of Achmonie.—
Mackay forced to Surrender Achmonie to the Laird.—Fatal Fight in
Slochd-Muic.—Achmonie conferred on William Grant.—Restored to
the Mackays.—Thomas Grant of Balmacaan.—Culduthel’s Raid on
Borlum.—The Castle Repaired.—The MonmouthRebellion.—Unsettled
State of the Country.—The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston
support King James.—The Revolution.—The Laird of Grant supports
William and Mary.—The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston adhere
to James.—Dundee’s Campaign.—The Camerons’ Raid on Urquhart.
—Quarrels in Dundee’s Camp.—Killicrankie.—Adventures of Men of
Urquhart and Glenmoriston in the Battle. —Iain a’ Chragain’s Troubles.
—Invermoriston House Burnt, and Glenmoriston Devastated.—A
Whig Garrison in Urquhart Castle.—The Castle Besieged by the
Jacobites.—Supplies for the Garrison.—The Haughs of Cromdale.—
Close of the War...........191
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1690 to 1708.
The Parish unsettled.—The Castle Garrisoned by the Whigs.—They
Vacate and Destroy it.—Its Last Record.—Its Chambers of Treasure
and Pestilence.—King William’s Measures to Subdue the Highlands.
—Devastation of Urquhart.—The Losses of the Laird of Grant and
his Tenants.—Compensation recommended by Parliament but refused
by the King.—Insecurity of Life and Property.—Raids and Dacker-
ings.—Proceedings against Achmonie.—Raids by Glenmoriston Men
on Dalcross, Glencannich, and Dunain.—Colonel Hill endeavours to
stop their Adventures.—Horses Stolen from Shewglie.—The Track
and its Result.—The Macmillans of Loch-Arkaigside take a Spoil
from Glenmoriston.—The Fight of CorrinamBronag.—The Raid of
Inchbrine. —The Conflict of Corribuy.— Death of Shewglie.—His Son’s
Revenge.—Death of Gille Dubh nam Mart......210
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1693 to 1736.
Fairs Established in Glen-Urquhart.—Erection of the Regality of Grant.
—Sir Ludovick Grant acquires Abriachan, Culnakirk, and Clunemore.
—He makes over Urquhart to Brigadier Grant.—The Brigadier’s
Career.—The Fifteen.—The Brigadier on the Side of King George.—
The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston support the Chevalier.—
Glengarry and Glenmoriston in Argyll.—Sheriffmuir.—Keppoch’s
Raid on Urquhart.—The Brigadier and the Jacobites of Urquhart.—
Attainder of Iain a’ Chragain.—Invermoriston House Burnt, and Glen-
moriston Forfeited.—The Forfeited Estates Commissioners and their
Difficulties.—The Court of Sir Patrick Strachan.—The Battle of
Glenshiel.—The Commissioners’ Factors.—The Factors in Glen
moriston.—Patrick Grant joins Donald Murchison.—The Fight of Ath-
nam-Muileach.—General Wade.—Fort Augustus Built.—Wade’sRoads.
—Galley placed on Loch Ness.—Glenmoriston Purchased for Iain a’
Chragain.—The Price and its Application.—Iain a’ Chragain’s Death.
—His Career and Character......., 225
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1719 to 1746.
Sir James Grant.—The Forty-Five.—The Three Alexanders of Urquhart
Support Prince Charles.—A Message of Welcome to the Prince.—
Agitation and Threatenings.—Jacobite Recruits from Urquhart and
Glenmoriston.—Ludovick Grant’s Policy of Caution.—The Prince’s
Letter to the Gentlemen of Urquhart.—His Cause Espoused by the
Minister.—A Sabbath-Day’s Meeting in Support of the Prince.—The
Factor’s Reports to Ludovick.—Ludovick’s Letters to the Factor.—
Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston joins the Prince.—Their First Inter
view. —Prestonpans. — Colonel Macdonell’s Demand. — Achmonie’s
Mission to Castle Grant. —Ludovick’s Message to the Gentlemen of
Urquhart.—Macdonell in Urquhart.—An Interrupted March.—The
Macdonalds and the Frasers in Urquhart.—The Conference of Torshee.
—Doubts and Hesitations.—Corrimony and Aehmonie visit Ludovick.
—The Earl of Cromartie, the Master of Lovat, and Macdonald of
Barisdale in the Parish. — Achmonie’s Undertaking to the Laird of
Grant.—The Cause of the Prince Prospers in the Parish.—The Factor
in Despair.—The Prince’s Arrival in Inverness.—New Recruits from
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1746.
The Battle of Falkirk.—The Duke of Cumberland in Scotland.—Prince
Charles at Inverness.—Cumberland Crosses the Spey.—The Men of
Urquhart and Glenmoriston Summoned to join the Prince. —Culloden.
—Incidents of the Battle and Flight.—Alexander Grant’s Exploits.—
Heroic Wives.—Ludovick Grant and his Eight Hundred in Urquhart.
Rebel-Hunting,—Protections Promised, and the Men of Urquhart and
Glenmoriston Surrender. — Fears and Forebodings.—Treachery.—
Despair and Maledictions.—Ludovick’s Intercession and its Result.—
Shewglie and his Son and the Minister in Tilbury Fort.— Shewglie’s
Death.—Release of his Son and the Minister.—Banishment to Bar-
badoes.—The Fate of the Exiles.—Notices of some who Returned.—
Donald Mackay.—William Grant.—Donald Macmillan. — Alexander
Grant.—Donald Grant.—Alexander Ferguson.—Donald Ferguson . 271
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH—1746 TO 1747.
The Government’s Treatment of Ludovick Grant. — Glen-Urquhart
Harried by the English Cavalry.—The Blanket Raid.—Invermoriston
House Burnt, and the Glenmoriston People Plundered.—Cumberland
at Fort-Augustus.—Atrocities in Glenmoriston.—A Reign of Terror.—
The Story of Roderick Mackenzie.—Cattle Dealing between English
Soldiers and Southern Drovers.—Gay Life in the English Camp. —
Horse-Racing Extraordinary.—The Seven Men of Glenmoriston.—The
Wanderings of Prince Charles.—The Prince in Glenmoriston.—His
Three Weeks’ Life with the Seven Men.—An Oath of Secrecy and
Fidelity.—The Prince’s Movements.—His Escape.—His Appearance
and Habits,—Devotion of the Seven Men.—The English leave Fort-
Augustus.—Famine and Pestilence in the Parish.—The Use of Arms
and the Wearing of the Highland Dress Prohibited.—A Terrible
Oath.—Results of Culloden.—Close of the Olden Times . . .291
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH—BEFORE THE REFORMATION.
Introduction of Christianity.—St Ninian and Ternan.—The Temple, or
St Ninian’s Chapel.—The Story of Merchard.—His Church in Glen-
moriston.—Traditions Concerning Him.—His Wonderful Bell.—
Drostan, Patron Saint of Urquhart.—His Chaplainry and Croft.
—Relapse of the People into Paganism.—St Columba’s Mission.—
Marvellous Deeds in the District of Loch Ness.—Opposition of the
Druids.—Columba in Urquhart.—Conversion of Emchat and Virolec.—
Invermoriston Church.—Columba’s Well.—St Adamnan.—The Church
of Abriachan.—The Mission of Curadan.—The Church of Corrimony.—
Gorman.—The Churches of Lag an t-Seapail, Achnahannet, Pit-
kerrald, Kilmichael, and Kilmore.—The Celtic Clergy and their
Services.—Fall of the Druids.—Their Religion and its Remains.—
Struggle between the Celtic Church and Romanism.—The Roman
Church Established.—Origin of Parishes and Church Endowments.—
Erection of the Parish of Urquhart.—The Parish Church and its
Property.—The Chapels and their Crofts.—The Chancellor of Moray.
—The Clergy of the Church and Chapels.—The Reformation.—The
Parish Priest turns Protestant.—Loss of the Church Lands in the
Parish.—The People Spiritually Destitute......320
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH—FROM THE REFORMATION
TO THE REVOLUTION.
The Church of the Reformation.—John Knox’s Superintendents.—Episco
pacy.—Presbytery Established.—Scarcity of Preachers.—Exhorters
and Readers.—Mr James Farquharson, Exhorter in Urquhart.—The
Parish under the Charge of Andrew McPhail.—John McAllan, first
Protestant Minister.—The Rev. Alexander Grant.—New Churches.—
Grant’s Troubles with the Church Courts.—He Resists the Covenant,
but is Forced to Subscribe.—The Rev. Duncan Macculloch.—His
Want of Maintenance, and Troublous Career.—His Deposition.—A
Six Years’ Vacancy.—Restoration of Episcopacy.—Macculloch Rein
stated.—A Presbyterial Visitation.—Lamentable State of the Parish.
—Macculloch’s Resignation.—How he Slew a Glenmoriston Man.—
Loose and Unruly Walking in the Parish.—Searching for a Minister.—
The Rev. James Grant.—His Presbyterial Trials.—Induction Cere
monies.—Persecution of Roman Catholics.—Papal Statistics of the
Parish.—The Rev. Robert Monro Appointed Preacher in Abertarff and
Glenmoriston.—His Difficulties, Privations, and Irregularities.—Lord
Lovat’s Midnight Marriage.—Presbyterial Visitation of Urquhart.—
Peace and Prosperity.—The Elders.—The Rev. Robert Cumming.
—Monro’s Protest.—Prelacy in the Parish.—Troubles in the Church.—
The Revolution.—Presbytery Re-Established.....345
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH—FROM THE REVOLUTION
TO THE DISRUPTION.
Episcopacy in the Parish.—The Rev. Robert Cumming remains Episco
palian, but retains the Living.—Cumming and the Presbyterian
Clergy.—The State of the Parish.—Presbyterian Missionaries.—
Presbytery Meetings in the Parish.—The Rev. William Gordon.—A
Missionary Preacher Settled in Glenmoriston.—The Rev. John Grant.
—He Favours Prince Charles and is Imprisoned in England.—His
Death and Character.—The Rev. James Grant.—The Rev. James
Fowler.—Troubles in the Parish.—The Meetings of Duncan of Buntait.
—The Factor Interferes and Mysteriously Dies.—The Rev. James
Doune Smith.—Charges of Immorality.—The People Desert the
Church.—Presbyterial Enquiry.—Smith Interdicts the Presbytery.—
The Disruption.—The Rise, Influence, and Character of the Men.
—State of Religion in Glenmoriston.—The Rev. Robert Monro.—
Royal Bounty Missionaries.—Glenmoriston Erected into a Parish
quoad sacra.—Churches and Chapels in Olden Times.—Worship and
Church Service in the Past.—Legends and Relics of the Saints.—
Festival Days.—Gaelic Liturgy.—The Gaelic Bible.—Gaelic Tunes.
—The Sabbath in Olden Times.—Sports and Pleasures.—Sunday
Christenings and Penny Weddings.—Lykewakes— Introduction of
Puritanism.—Its Progress and Effects...... 370
EDUCATION AND CULTURE IN THE PARISH.
Education before the Reformation.—The Parochial System.—Unsuccess
ful Attempts to Plant Schools in the Parish.—The First School.—
Charity Schools at Duldreggan, Milton, Pitkerrald, and Bunloit.—The
First Parish School.—Subsequent Agencies.—The Education Act.—
Old Salaries.—Old School Books.—Gaelic in Schools.—Old Punish
ments.—Cock-fighting and other Sports.—Urquhart Authors.—James
Grant of Corrimony.—Charles Grant.—Lord Glenelg.—Sir Robert
Grant.—James Grant.—John Macmillan.—Buchanan Macmillan,
King’s Printer.—Patrick Grant.—James Grassie.—Angus Macdonald.
—William Grant Stewart.—William Somerled Macdonald.—James
Grant, Balnaglaic.—Allan Sinclair.— The Bards of the Parish.—Iain
Mac Eobhainn Bhain.—Ewen Macdonald.—Shewglie and his Daughter.
—Alasdair Mac Iain Bhain.—Iain Mac Dhughaill.—John Grant.—
Archibald Grant.—Angus Macculloch.—Lewis Cameron.—Angus Mac-
donald.—William Mackay.—Survival of Bardism .... 393
FOLKLORE IN THE PARISH.
Decay of Folklore.—Decline of the Ceilidh.—Satan in the Parish.—His
Conflicts with the Men.—The Death of the Factor.—Fair Ewen of the
Goblin.—Hags and Goblins.—Cailleach a’ Chrathaich.—Destruction of
the Macmillans.—Cailleach Allt-an-Dùnain.—Death of Macdougalls
and Macdonalds. — Cailleach Allt-Saigh. — Cailleach Chragain-na-
Cailleach.—Donald Macrae’s Adventure.—Daibhidh and Mor of Corri-
Dho.—Their Feud against the Men of Urquhart.—Bocan na Sleabh-
aich.—The White Mare of Corri-Dho.—The Death of Alasdair Cutach.
—The Fairies and their Haunts.—Theft of Mothers and Babes.—
Other Depredations.—Fairy Love-making and its Results.—Gay Life
in Fairy Knowes.—The Fairy Smith of Tornashee.—The Witches of the
Parish.—Their Pastimes and Pursuits.—Divination.—Dead Men and
Demon Cats.—A Famous Seer.—The Evil Eye.—Second Sight.—
Sacrifices and Safeguards.........417
INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL LIFE IN THE PARISH.
Origin and History of Agriculture and Land-Ownership.—Davachs and
other Divisions.—Rise and Fall of Population.—Sub-Division of Hold
ings.—The Occupiers of the Soil.—Origin of the Crofter.—Leases.—
Agricultural Productions and Customs.—Ancient Trade in Cattle,
Skins, Wool, and Furs.—Rents and Services —Foundation of Lewis-
town and Milton.—Famines.—Game Laws.—An Ancient Royal Forest.
—Timber Traffic.—Trades.—Old Industries.—Copper Mine.—Iron
Works.—Lime Manufacture.—Distaff and Spindle.—Linen and Woollen
Factories.—Introduction of Spinning Wheels.—Ale.—An Ancient
Brew-House. — Whisky-Making. — Modern Breweries. — Roads and
Bridges.—Traffic on Loch Ness.—Ancient Boats.—Cromwell’s Frigate.
—The Highland Galley.—Steamboats.—Highland Hospitality.—Inns.—
Samuel Johnson at Aonach.—The Dwellings of the Past.—Modern
Improvements.—Law and Order.—Sanctuaries.—Baron Courts and
their Procedure.—Curious Administrative Division of the Parish.—
Church Courts.—The Poor.—Social Customs.—Fights and Feuds.—
Modern Changes.—The Conclusion.......437
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